Brexit Update: Auswirkungen auf britische Unternehmen und Updates zur irischen Grenze
Der erste Monat des Brexit liegt hinter uns. Da viele Unternehmen auf beiden Seiten des Ärmelkanals Lagerbestände aufbauten, um sicherzustellen, dass es keine Engpässe gibt, waren die ersten Wochen relativ ruhig. Als die Zahl der Sendungen über den Kanal wieder anstieg, konnten die Zollsysteme in Großbritannien die Arbeitslast nicht bewältigen und die Systeme in Frankreich platzten aus allen Nähten. Die Probleme mit dem britischen NCTS-System sind inzwischen behoben.
Die Auswirkungen des Brexit auf die Wirtschaft im Vereinigten Königreich
Die Unternehmen im Vereinigten Königreich müssen sich nicht nur mit den Auswirkungen der COVID-Pandemie auseinandersetzen, sondern auch mit dem Brexit.
Government officials acknowledge that logjams could mount as cross-channel flows return to normal levels from around 75% currently, though they don’t expect them to reach the worst-case scenarios modeled last year. They also say some difficulties are linked to the need for truckers to have a negative Covid test, rather than Brexit.
But businesses say what was once simple is now cumbersome. Documentation -- especially for loads with different types of goods from multiple suppliers, known as groupage -- is among the issues causing delays.
Cross-border goods trade with the European Union is almost back to normal levels, U.K. Transport Secretary Grant Shapps said, despite concerns from haulers that post-Brexit paperwork is choking their operations.
Some of the decline is down to stockpiling of goods in the run-up to the deadline of Dec. 31, when the U.K. left the EU customs and market regimes, he said. Only about 3% of trucks are being turned back as they try to leave and that is partly because drivers need to take coronavirus tests, Shapps told the panel.
British manufacturers suffered a double hit last month as COVID-19 disruption to global shipping combined with new trade barriers with the European Union, according to a survey published on Monday.
Data firm IHS Markit said its monthly survey of the factory sector showed a hit to new export orders, signs of supply chain problems and inflation pressure.
Fhaheen Khan, an economist at Make UK, a manufacturing lobby group, said the worst of the supply chain challenges were yet to come as many manufacturers were still working down stockpiles.
“The impact of both COVID-19 and leaving the EU could linger for many years to come,” he said.
The Guardian schreibt:
A survey by Make UK of its members shows that 60% of companies that said there were ready for Brexit “now experience disruption” and are “also finding supply chains significantly impacted.
Und The Guardian in einem anderen Artikel:
Hundreds of UK companies could switch operations to countries inside the EU in what is threatening to become a dramatic exodus of investment and jobs caused by Brexit.
The Observer can reveal that by 1 January this year some 500 businesses – mostly UK-owned, or UK-based with overseas owners – were already making inquiries about setting up branches, depots or warehouses in the Netherlands alone, for “Brexit-related reasons”. Since then the number of inquiries from UK companies has increased further.
If companies switch all or parts of their operations to Europe it will mean the loss of jobs, economic activity and tax revenue at home.
Die Grenze zwischen dem Vereinigten Königreich und Irland
Nachdem das Vereinigte Königreich die Europäische Union verlassen hat, gibt es eine harte Grenze zwischen Irland und dem Vereinigten Königreich. Die Grenze zwischen Nordirland und Irland ist keine harte Grenze, während Nordirland immer noch ein Teil des Vereinigten Königreichs ist. Das Nordirland-Protokoll sorgt dafür, dass dies möglich ist
Die BBC schreibt:
Northern Ireland continues to follow many of the EU's rules, meaning lorries can drive across the border without being inspected.
However, there is a new "regulatory" border between Northern Ireland and Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales). That's because, unlike Northern Ireland, Great Britain is no longer following EU law.
This means some checks on goods moving between Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Inspections take place at Northern Ireland ports and some have said this amounts to a border in the Irish Sea.
There have been calls to scrap the Northern Ireland Protocol, but the European Union and the Irish government are against this.
The Guardian berichte:
The Brexit agreement’s Northern Ireland protocol will not be scrapped, the Irish government and the EU have said in an escalating row over the new trade barriers down the Irish Sea.
Boris Johnson and Gove have capitalised on the EU’s embarrassment over the move and threatened to trigger article 16 themselves in parliament and in a letter to Šefčovič on Tuesday.
The UK is now demanding a two-year extension to the Brexit grace period for checks on trade but the EU made it clear last night it regarded article 16 as an ultimate on which it would not capitulate.
In the meantime the Irish Customs Authority has introduced a workaround for British exporters who are having trouble getting their goods across to Ireland with the proper paperwork.
Die Maritime Executive berichte:
Ireland's customs agency has introduced a workaround for British exporters who are having trouble completing the paperwork required for international shipments between the UK and Ireland.
Customs challenges driven by Brexit have been predicted for years, and these difficulties are beginning to manifest on the UK's cross-channel ferry routes as well.
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