Trade deals around the world

Accordi commerciali nel mondo: Luglio 2021

Martijn Rijk
Martijn Rijk
Marketing Manager

Trade Deals Around the World è il nostro aggiornamento periodico, per una panoramica facile e  veloce su ciò che sta accadendo tra i numerosi negoziati commerciali in tutto il mondo.  

Ci concentriamo sull'Unione Europea e il Regno Unito e teniamo d'occhio la Cina e gli Stati Uniti.  

L'Unione Europea e il Regno Unito  

La situazione in Irlanda sembra deteriorarsi lentamente. La fornitura di alcuni beni in Irlanda sta diventando carente perché il Regno Unito sta ritardando l'attuazione delle strategie concordate per la Brexit.   

Il confine con l'Irlanda è diverso da quello con gli altri membri dell'Unione Europea a causa della precaria relazione tra l'Irlanda, che fa parte dell'UE, e l'Irlanda del Nord, che fa parte del Regno Unito.  

Newsweek riporta come segue:  

The row centers on provisions of the Brexit deal that essentially created a regulatory border between Northern Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom. That angered many pro-British residents of the territory who reject anything that threatens their status as part of the U.K. 

Il protocollo prevede che la Gran Bretagna controlli determinate merci spedite nella regione da altre parti del Regno Unito.  

Earlier this year, Britain unilaterally delayed some of those inspections, saying it needed more time to put the right systems in place. The EU threatened legal action over what it saw as a breach of Britain's international obligations. Now the U.K. government is considering further delays. 

Von der Leyen told reporters that the EU has "shown flexibility, we will show flexibility, but the protocol and the (Brexit) Withdrawal Agreement has to be implemented completely." 

Regno Unito e Norvegia, Islanda e Liechtenstein  

Il Regno Unito sta ancora lavorando alla lunga lista di accordi di libero scambio che deve chiudere, ora che gli accordi commerciali di cui faceva parte come membro dell'Unione Europea non sono più applicabili. Una parte cruciale degli accordi con la Norvegia e l'Islanda è la possibilità per le aziende di utilizzare la documentazione elettronica allo stato dell'arte. The Guardian riporta:  

Under the deal, Norway has reduced its duties in 26 areas of agriculture... to avoid full 277% export tariffs. 

… 

Norway’s government, meanwhile, celebrated securing the same trading relationship in goods with the UK as the EU under its trade and cooperation agreement. 

… 

This UK-EEA free trade agreement provides better trading conditions than World Trade Organization terms, though with considerably more trade barriers when compared with the previous single market relationship. 

Il Regno Unito e il Camerun  

Il Regno Unito ha anche firmato un accordo commerciale con il Camerun, che tuttavia non è ancora stato ratificato. Il governo britannico spiega lo stato attuale dell'accordo:  

The UK-Cameroon EPA did not enter into force from 1 January 2021. Instead, it is being provisionally applied, pending the completion of domestic ratification procedures. To bridge the gap between the end of the post-Brexit transition period and provisional application, both the UK and Cameroon had committed, through a Memorandum of Understanding, to maintain the effects of the EU-Central Africa iEPA from 1 January 2021, and apply the tariff preferences from the UK-Cameroon EPA. 

Potete leggere tutto quello che c'è da sapere sull'accordo commerciale qui.  

Il Regno Unito e il CPTPP  

Il Regno Unito vuole entrare a far parte dell'accordo commerciale del Pacifico. Lo riferisce Reuters:   

Member nations of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) ... agreed to allow Britain to start the process of joining the pact… 

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The CPTPP removes 95% of tariffs between its members: Japan, Canada, Australia, Vietnam, New Zealand, Singapore, Mexico, Peru, Brunei, Chile and Malaysia. Unlike the EU, it does not aim to create a single market or a customs union, and it does not seek wider political integration. 

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Britain made a formal request to join the trade deal in February. It will supplement bilateral deals Britain has, or is seeking, with member states. Britain struck its first major post-Brexit deal on trade with Japan last October. 

La CNN nel frattempo riporta:  

...trade experts say that joining the CPTPP will yield only very modest economic benefits, and won't make up for the hit to Britain's trade caused by exiting the European Union. 

Il Regno Unito e Singapore  

Il Regno Unito sta negoziando un accordo commerciale digitale con Singapore. Lo riferisce BusinessNewsWales:  

The UK is the first European country to start negotiations on a Digital Economy Agreement (DEA). Singapore and the UK are both global leaders in the digital economy and 70% of UK services exports, from financial and legal services to music streaming and e-books, were digitally delivered to Singapore in 2019, worth £3.2 billion. 

The DEA would open further opportunities for British businesses to deliver their services through digital trade. It would help cut red tape and ensure companies can trade more efficiently through digital technology such as electronic transactions, e-signatures and e-contracts. 

Altre notizie sugli accordi commerciali